The Different Types of Heating and Cooling Systems

Aug 17, 2017 | Uncategorized

Even though they all serve the same purpose, there are particular processes associated with different heating and cooling systems. It’s important to recognize how they work so that you’re aware of the type of maintenance required. A professional in heating and cooling repair in Hampton, GA, understands how each of these systems work. Continue reading to find out the most common heating and cooling systems in homes and how they function.


Perhaps the most commonplace system in North American homes, furnaces are what’s called an “air-based” system. A furnace is a little more versatile nowadays in terms of what’s used to power it. Although some homes are turning to electricity or natural gas, others, especially in the northeast, use fuel oil. Depending on the energy source, a tank heats up and transfers the hot air through ductwork and out through vents. Any emissions are then run out of the home through a chimney.


As opposed to furnaces, boilers are known as “water-based,” and can push hot air out through radiators or baseboards. They also can get energy from oil or natural gas. Boilers use a tank that is heated and then disperses hot air or steam throughout the home. There are ways to make a boiler into air conditioning by introducing what’s known as a ductless min-split. A condenser unit can be installed outside the home that connects to a handling unit to cool certain zones around the home. A professional in heating and cooling in Hampton, GA, can provide more information on this kind of addition for homes with water-based systems.

Heat Pumps

Heat pumps use a compressor unit with a coil inside that contains refrigerant to project cool air inside the home. But, these systems are the most versatile since they can be used in both the summer and winter. They function like central air conditioners but reverse their cooling process during winter. While central AC works to pull hot air from the home during summer, a heat pump in winter attempts to pull heat from the outdoors using an electrical system. Another difference is that heat pumps are forced-air systems as opposed to using fans. But, there are also pumps available as ground-source installations known as geothermal heat pumps. While a more expensive option for your home, geothermal pumps are more consistent in terms of temperature.

There are many benefits to these systems, and a heating and air conditioning repair technician knows how to find the best for you. How long you plan on living in your home can help determine which system is best for you. It’s also important to consider the area you live in, since some options might not be the best during harsh temperatures both hot and cold.